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      Home » India Tourism » Uttaranchal Tourism

    Uttarakhand Tourism

       

    About Uttarakhand

    Uttarakhand is located in the northern part of India carved out of Indian State Uttar Pradesh in 2000. It is well known for temples and beautiful hill stations among Indian and foreign tourists. It is also the home of best treks in the Country. Haridwar and Rishikesh are known for the places of Kumbha Mela and Yoga capital of the world. Rishikesh is also a famous place for white water rafting on Ganges, being close to Delhi it is one the most visited place by the weekend travelers. Be it adventure tours, religious tours and leisure tours Uttarakhand have all.

    Brief History of Uttarakhand

    Culture Uttarakhand
    This region of Garhwal and Kumaon was ruled by dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon started date back from 2nd BC. Ashoka edict at Kalsi also shows his presence and existence of Buddhism. In 1803 it was ruled by Gurkha Empire in 1816 Gurkha rule end and Garhwal and Kumaon region came under British rule. Uttarakhand was part of British United province including Uttar Pradesh from 1903 till India got independence from the British. The King for Garhwal and Kumaon also ruled Garhwal Kumaon before it came under British rule. Uttarakhand movement for separate state gain momentum only after 1994 There was strong bonding of cultural, economy, language between Kumaon and Garhwal which reflects during Uttrakhand movement and finally new state borne on 09th November 2000. According to 2011 census Uttarakhand have population of 10,116,752. Most of the population follow Hindu religion out of which major population is of Rajputs and Brahmins. Hindi Garhwali and Kumaoni besides English is most widely spoken language. The two most sacred rivers of Ganges and Yamuna originates from Uttarakhand. There are number of national parks and biosphere reserves, valley of flowers, high mountain peaks and glaciers are there in Uttarakhand. Corbett National Park the first in country is very popular among wild life lovers is located in this beautiful state only.In early puranic literature it was known as Kedarkhand and Manaskhand. Earlier during its formation it was named as Uttaranchal but later on in October 2006 it was renamed as Uttarakhand. A forest conservation movement called Chipko movement have significant role in Forest conservation started by noted environmentalist Sundarlal Bahuguna.

    Geography of Uttarakhand:

    Culture Uttarakhand
    Most of the area of Uttarakhand is mountainous and out of which maximum is covered with Forests. The total area is 51,125 km². Northern part is covered with high altitude mountain peaks like Nanda Devi, Trishul, Chaukhamba, Nanda Ghungti etc. The Northern Himalayan ecosystem mostly covered with forests have Himalayan Flora and Fauna. Also the two important rivers of Ganga and Yamuna originates from this places, number of other glacial stream, streamlet from different parts of Uttarakhand Himalaya merge into these two major rivers and make them the among largest rivers of India. The vegetation varies according to altitudes and lowland areas covered with deciduous and tropical forests, Grasslands mainly of Terai region in Uttarakhand.

    People of Uttarakhand:

    Culture Uttarakhand
    The native of Uttarakhand are called as Garhwali and Kumaoni, According to census of 2011 The population of Uttarakhand was 10,116,752 out of which 5,154,178 are males and 4,962,574 females. Literary rate is 69.45%. Most of the population lives in Villages. Agriculture is main source of living. Population density is 189 people per square kilometers with sex ratio 963 females per 1000 males. A large portion of the population is Rajput and Brahmans, one fifth population is of scheduled casts. Uttarakhand population is mostly of Hindus, Muslims, Christian, Sikhs, Jains and Parsee communities.

    Districts of Uttarakhand

    There are 13 districts in Uttarakhand names as Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh Udham Singh Nagar, Dehradun, Haridwar, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarkashi, Chamoli, Pauri Garhwal & Rudraprayag.

    Literature

    Since Hindi is main language of the people besides there are number of literature available in Garhwali and Kumaoni dialects as well. Some of the noted Hindi poets belongs to Uttarakhand are Sumintra Nandan Pant, Manohar Shyam Joshi, Shivani, Shailesh Matiyani, Ganga Prasad Vimal, Mohan Upreti, Shekhar Joshi etc

    Dances/ Songs/ Musical intruments of Uttarakhand

    Culture Uttarakhand
    Some of the dances which are performed by locals during different time of year and during different festivals are hurka baul, jhumeila, chaufula, and chholiya etc the popular songs for different occasions are Mangals (Marriage songs),Basanti, Khuded and chhopati. The local instruments are Dhol, Damoun, Turri, Ransingha, Dholki, Daur, Thali, Bhankora, and Masakbhaja etc.

    State Symbols of Uttarakhand

    • Animal White-bellied musk deer
    • Bird Monal
    • Flower Brahma Kamal
    • Tree Burans

    Flora and Fauna of Uttarakhand

    Uttarkhand have great biodiversity although the most of area is mountainous. There are number of National parks, wild life sanctuary and biosphere reserves in Uttarkhand. The most famous National Park in Corbett National Park is in Uttarakhand besides Corbett National Park there is Valley of Flowers National Park, Nanda Devi National Park. These two are UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is Rajaji National park near Haridwar, Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Gangotri National Park. The animals found in are jungle cat, fishing cat, and leopard, Sambar, hog and Chita, sloth bear, Himalayan black bears, Indian grey mongooses, otters, yellow-throated martens, ghoral (goat-antelopes), Indian pangolins, and langur and rhesus monkeysetc Main flora of Uttarakhand is Evergreen oaks, rhododendrons, and conifers, Sal, Sesame, Acacia catechu, Bauhinia racemosa etc